Amazon parrot

The Amazon Parrot is a large tropical parrot that can often be found in pet stores or private breeders. These are sociable and playful birds that easily find a common language with people, easily learn to copy human speech and quickly become attached to their owners.

Origin of the species and description

Photo: Amazon Parrot

Photo: Amazon Parrot

Amazons are not just a species, but a whole genus of parrots. It includes 24-26 species, depending on the choice of classification. All Amazons are similar to each other, and only a specialist who knows certain marks and marks on parrots that indicate their species can distinguish one species from another.

The most common types of Amazons include:

  • blue-fronted amazon;
  • jamaican black-billed amazon;
  • white-fronted amazon;
  • yellow-necked amazon;
  • red-tailed amazon Amazon;
  • Blue-capped Amazon;
  • Royal Amazon;
  • Cuban Amazon;
  • Soldier Amazon.

Video: Amazon Parrot

Amazons have evolved alongside people, largely due to this, these parrots are easily tamed, easily imitate human speech, love to play and be close to a person. All types of Amazons are able to live in an apartment.

Also in the subfamily of true parrots include:

  • bristle-headed parrots;
  • fig parrots;
  • rosella parrots;
  • blunt-tailed parrots;
  • Neotropical parrots.

These parrots have acquired rather large sizes and the ability to imitate in the course of evolution. Most often, they have a bright, memorable color and natural curiosity, thanks to which the birds learn quickly.

Appearance and features

Photo: What an Amazon parrot looks like

Photo: What an Amazon parrot looks like

Amazons are large birds with a dense physique. The length of their body from head to tail is 25-45 cm, both in females and in males. The color is green with various shades. Depending on the species, parrots have red or yellow small spots on various parts of the body. For example, spots can be at the base of the wings, near the eyes, on the chest or tail.

Some species of parrots also have a wing mirror – small white spots on the inside of the wings. The beak of the Amazons is large and strong, of medium length and rounded shape. The mandible forms a sharp rib. Thanks to this beak, Amazons can easily deal with solid food, crack a nut, or injure an offender.

Relative to other parrots, Amazon's wings are short – they do not reach the end of the wing. The weight of such a parrot can reach 500 grams, although birds usually weigh less in the wild.

The age of the Amazon can be determined in a very specific way – by the color of the eye. Young Amazons have a grayish tint of the iris, and in adult birds that have reached the age of three, the iris becomes brown or even brown. After the age of three, it is difficult to determine how old a particular bird is – experts do this.

Females and males do not have sexual dimorphism, and even professional ornithologists sometimes find it difficult to say who is in front of them: a female or a male. To determine the gender, it is worth waiting for the mating season, where females and males have radically different behavior.

Where does the Amazon parrot live?

Photo : Venezuelan Amazon parrot

Photo: Venezuelan Amazon parrot

Amazons live near the Amazon River basin. They prefer tropical and subtropical forests with a humid hot climate. This area is ideal for camouflage – the parrots blend in perfectly with the environment.

These parrots also live in the following places:

  • Central America;
  • South America;
  • Antilles.

Amazons are very demanding on the conditions of keeping at home. An uncomfortable cage or the wrong perches can damage a bird and expose it to serious chronic illnesses or even depression.

Fun fact: It's best not to buy perches from a store, but to find a large branch yourself and handle it . It protects the pet from diseases of the paws that occur due to too narrow perches.

Aviaries are preferable to cages. The parrot should comfortably spread its wings, and the walls of the enclosure will not interfere with it. The bars of the enclosure must be strong, otherwise the parrot will simply bite through them and run away. There should be a pallet in the cage, because parrots molt profusely. Feeders should be either made of plastic or of more durable materials so that the bird does not see through them.

Amazons need communication and flights. Therefore, you need to let the parrot out of the cage more often so that it can stretch its wings and enjoy walks. Also, if you are not ready to pay enough attention to this bird, you should buy two individuals at once.

Now you know where the Amazon parrot lives. Let's see what this bird eats.

What does the Amazon parrot eat?

Photo: Amazon Cuban Parrot

Photo: Cuban Amazon Parrot

In the wild, parrots are exclusively herbivores. They eat tree buds, green succulent leaves, fruits, nuts, berries and many other plant foods. They can also eat soft young bark. At home, the diet of these parrots is slightly different from the wild.

Interesting fact: It is important for Amazons to eat small grains of oats, millet and canary seed. But birds do not like it very much, so ornithologists recommend giving parrots these seeds on spikelets: they peck them with pleasure.

At home, the diet of Amazons is as follows:< br />

  • sprouted grains;
  • porridges on water with honey, but without salt, sugar and oil;
  • vegetables, fruits with carotene;
  • vegetable purees and juices – suitable for baby food;
  • fresh berries in the summer season, dried – in the winter. Sea buckthorn, mountain ash, wild rose, cranberry are suitable;
  • flowers, buds of wild rose, willow-tea;
  • inflorescences of cherries, apple trees, also lilac and pear.

You have to be careful with protein because Amazons get obese and many health problems due to this component. Once a week, it is recommended to give a boiled chicken egg and some low-fat cottage cheese as a calcium supplement.

You can also give young soft bark, which birds gnaw with pleasure. Branches can even be frozen in the freezer and given in winter, when there are very few natural vitamins. In winter, it is also important to buy a large amount of vitamins and nutritional supplements that are sold for large birds.

Character and lifestyle features

Photo: Talking Amazon Parrot

Photo: Talking Amazon Parrot

Parrots are diurnal. During daylight hours, they search for food and actively communicate with each other. Such parrots live in packs that have several generations of relatives. However, they do not worry if they find themselves outside the social group – Amazons are able to make friends with many creatures, including people.

At home, birds require certain knowledge. For example, Amazon owners should be aware that these parrots are very changeable in mood. They can fly, sing and jump, but after a couple of minutes they close in on themselves and hide in the far corner of the enclosure. This behavior is completely normal.

Amazons require a lot of attention. If they do not receive the necessary communication, they begin to scream for a long time. At the same time, the Amazons are absolutely fearless and can easily peck at a person they don’t like or take out their anger even on the owner. Although this behavior is rare, especially if the bird is properly cared for.

Amazons are very smart, and due to their pack lifestyle, they need a leader. They quickly understand who is the boss in the house, if a person pays enough attention to him and correctly raises a bird.

In the morning and evening, in the wild, the Amazons arrange stormy chants. These songs are a kind of roll call in the pack, which allows all family members to establish that all their relatives are in order. Amazon houses also arrange such roll calls, so the owners do not need to worry about this behavior of the pet.

Also, people should understand that Amazons are very noisy birds that love to scream, sing and parody sounds. Largely due to this, Amazons easily learn human speech and copy some words and phrases with interest. Amazons have a vocabulary of about 50 words.

Social structure and reproduction

Photo: Amazon green parrot

Photo: Green Amazon parrot

Amazons breed both in the wild and in captivity. In the wild, during the mating season, which begins in mid-summer, male parrots sing for days on end, attracting the attention of females. If a female is interested in a male, he can arrange demonstration dances for her, during which the female will decide whether she should mate with this male.

At home, everything is much easier. If the male and female were bought together or even grew up in the same enclosure, then with a high degree of probability they will breed regularly, forming a permanent pair. Although in the wild, Amazons are far from monogamous. After mating, the female lays 2-3 eggs.

Nests are built on tops of trees, most often on palm trees. In the conditions of the enclosure, the female will try to choose the highest and most secluded place, so it is worth giving her at least a small hill or snag. Only the female is engaged in incubation, although the male is not indifferent to reproductive activity – he brings food to the female, since she does not leave the nest at all. He also spends the night in a nest next to the chosen one.

After about three weeks, the chicks hatch. For the first two weeks, the female is still with them, and later, together with the male, she can fly out for food. Chicks are very voracious, but they grow quickly. After a month and a half, they are capable of short-term flight and independent search for food, although they prefer to stay close to their mother for up to three months.

Interesting fact: The oldest Amazon lived to be 70 years old.

Amazons live up to 15 years in the wild, but in captivity, with proper care, they can live up to 50 years. Because of their love of society, they easily become attached to people and consider them members of their flock.

Natural enemies of the Amazon parrot

Photo: What an Amazon parrot looks like

Photo: What an Amazon parrot looks like

The natural enemies of the Amazon parrot are, first of all, large feathered predators that hunt in the tops of tropical forests. Parrots can also be hunted by terrestrial predators, who can lie in wait for birds while they are looking for food in the form of fallen fruits and seeds, raking the ground with their paws.

Large birds of prey hunt Amazons only when parrots climb to the tops trees. While the Amazons are feeding and communicating with each other, a large feathered predator dives down on them, grabbing the largest parrot. A strong grip quickly breaks the parrot's spine, causing the bird to die instantly.

Birds of prey cannot hunt Amazons while they are in the lowlands or at least in the middle layer of the forest, because due to their large size they cannot dive on prey, wading through thickets of trees.

Amazons are also attacked large cats, such as oncillas and, less commonly, leopards. These predators skillfully sneak up on birds that have lost their vigilance, after which they make a long jump and instantly kill the victim. Young or old individuals are especially often attacked.

Amazon chicks can become a victim of medium-sized snakes – both poisonous and suffocating. This occurs when the female is absent from the nest while looking for food. At the same time, Amazons can jealously guard their offspring, attacking the predator with a powerful beak and clawed paws.

Population and species status

Photo: Amazon Parrot

Photo: Amazon Parrot

Amazons have become widespread thanks to domestic content. They readily breed in captivity, which allows them to maintain a stable population.

Amazon meat is actively used as food by the native Indians in South America, as well as by the natives of Australia. These are quite large parrots, from which soups and stews are cooked. They can also be bred for meat as pets, as Amazons are trusting and friendly. In some tribes, Amazons can even replace normal chickens.

Also, these tribes may use the strong, bright Amazon feathers to decorate their ritual headdresses. Birds are caught and, most often, some tail feathers are taken from them, less often – feathers from the wings. Because of this, some individuals may lose the ability to fly, which is why they quickly die: they become victims of predators or simply cannot find food for themselves and die of hunger.

Despite all this, Amazon parrots are very much appreciated as pet birds. They are sold both in ordinary pet stores and from private breeders and even in the market where you can buy a completely wild bird, which can be dangerous for the owner.

The Amazon parrot is a friendly, active and beautiful parrot. They easily find a common language with people, quickly learn to speak, and can even follow simple commands. It is enough to know some of the natural features of the character of these parrots in order to arrange a comfortable home for them right at home.

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